Isabgol in Rajasthan, India

ISABGOL (Psyllium seed husk) is indigestible and are a source of soluble dietary fiber. Rajasthan is among one of producer of Isabgol in India. Jalore district of south-west Rajasthan is largest producer of Isabgol in Rajasthan. Isabgol are used to relieve constipation, irritable bowel syndrome, and diarrhea. They are also used as a regular dietary supplement to improve and maintain regular GI transit. Some recent research is also showing them to be promising in lowering cholesterol and controlling diabetes. Other uses include gluten-free baking, where ground psyllium seed husks bind moisture and help make the bread less crumbly. 

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES AND USES
• The seed husk is used to cure inflammation of the mucus membrane of gastrointestinal and genito-urinary tracts, chronic constipation, dysentery, duodenal ulcers, gonorrhea and piles.
• It is also used in calico printing, setting lotions and food industry
CLIMATE
• It requires a cool climate with dry sunny weather during maturity.
• Even a mild dew, cloudy weather or light showers cause seed shedding.
• Sowing should be done to eliminate the monsoon period from coinciding with maturity of the seed.
HARVESTING AND YIELD• It is a 4 to 5 months duration crop.
• The yellowing of the lower leaves and change in the colour of spikes to brown indicate the maturity, which is confirmed by pressing the spike between the two fingers when mature seeds come out.
• The crop is harvested close to the ground in the early morning hours to avoid seed shattering. A good crop may yield about 800-1000 kg of seeds per hectare

Point to Remember:
* Main Producer of Isabgol, Zeera, Tomato is: JALORE (RAS 1998)
* Which district is Largest producer of Isabgol ? JALORE (RAS 2008)
* Used for Chronic dysentery. 
* One of most important foreign exchange earning herb.
* India is the largest producer and exporter of this crop in the world. It is grown as a cash crop in Gujarat, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh. Experimental cultivation of Bangalore has shown that this crop comes up well and gives yield comparable to the traditional areas of Gujarat
* Harvested close to the ground in the early morning hours