RAS EXAM Psychology Syllabus

Psychology (Code No. 26)
1. Scope, Method and subject matter.
2. Methods : Experimental methods, Field Studies, clinical and case methods, Characteristics of psychological studies.
3. Physiological Basis, Structure and functions of the nervous systems, functions of the endocrine system.
4. Development of Behaviour, Genetic mechanism, Environmental factors, Growth and maturation, Relevant experimental studies.
5. Cognitive processes (I) : Perception, Perceptual Process ; Perceptual organisation, Perception of form, colour, depth and time, Perceptual constancy, Role of motivation, Social and cultural factors in perceptions.
6. Cognitive Processes (II) : Learning. Learning process. Learning theories; Classical conditioning, Operant conditioning, Trial and error and Insight theories, Perceptual learning. Learning and motivation. Verbal learning. Motor learning.
7. Cognitive Processes (III) : Remembering. Measurement of remembering. Shortterm memory. Long-term memory. Forgetting. Theories of forgetting.
8. Cognitive Processes (IV) : Thinking. Development of thinking. Language and thought. Images. Concept formation. Problems solving
9. Intelligence : Nature of intelligence. Theories of intelligence. Measurement of intelligence. Intelligence and creativity.
10. Motivation : Needs, drives and motives. Classification of motives Measurement of motives. Theories of motivation.
11. Personality : Nature of personality. Triat and type approaches. Determinants of personality. Personality assessment : techniques and tests.
12. Coping Behaviour. Coping Mechanisms. Coping with frustration and stress. Conflicts.
13. Attitudes. Nature of attitudes. Theories of attitudes. Measurement of attitudes. Change of attitudes.
14. Communication : Types of communication, Communication process. Communication network. Distortion of communication.
15. Applications of psychology in industry, Education and Community.

1. Place of psychology in the family of social and behavioural sciences,. Nature, Scope and methods of psychology.
2. Nervous system; central and peripheral. Endocrine glands in context of human behaviour. Localisation of brain functions.
3. Attention and perception: Meaning, kinds and determinants of attention, Filteration,; Shifts; Division; Distraction, Fluctuation, Span of attention, Pattern recognition, Form perception, Figure-ground, Organizational principles of perception, Depth and Distance perception, Size perception, perception of motion, Illusion: Kinds, Theories, Factors, influencing perception.
4. Emotion: Characteristics of emotional behaviour, Expressions of emotions. Role of nervous system and endocrine glands in emotions. Theories of Emotion: James Lange and Cannon Bard.
5. Motivation: Needs, Drives Motives, and incentives. Characteristics of motivated Behaviour. Measurement of Need Achievement. Theories of Motivation.
6. Learning : Types of learning. Meaning. Theories of leaning. Classical
and Operant conditioning. Insight. Trial and Error learning. Laws of Learning. Skill learning. Factors influencing Learning. Learning curves. Transfer of training. Kind. Theories and Factors influencing Transfer.
7. Remembering and Forgetting: Nature of Remembering Methods of Reproduction: Recall, Recognition. Relearning, Reconstruction, Anticipation and paired associate learning. Factors influencing Remembering: Type and Amounts of material, methods of learning, Nature of forgetting: Forgetting curves. Causes of Forgetting.
8. Thinking : Nature of Thinking. Symbolic processes. Concept formation. Problem solving. Reasoning. Creative thinking, Language and Thought.
9. Intelligence and Aptitudes: Nature, and determinants of intelligence and aptitudes. Theories of intelligence, Measurement of intelligence and aptitudes. Constancy of IQ. Types of intelligence and Aptitude Tests.
10. Personality: Nature and Theories of Personality: Trait and Type Theories; Freud's Psychoanalytical Theory, Determinants of Personality. Measurement of Personality.
11. Attitudes: Nature, formation, measurement and change. Theories of Attitude; Balance and Cognitive Dissonance Theory.
12. Abnormal Behaviour: Concept. Conflicts and frustration. Mental Mechanisms. Causes of Abnormal Behaviour. Motivation and Adjustment. Methods of Assessing Abnormal Behaviour.
Unit-I Development Psychology: growth and Development, Principles and Stages of Development, Social, Emotional and Moral Development. Development Tasks.
Unit-II Guidance and Counselling: Meaning, Scope, Need, Difference between Guidance and Counselling. Areas: Vocational, Educational, personal, Group Guidance. Techniques: Directive, Non-directive, Electric, Group Counselling.
Unit-III Criminal Behaviour: Types of Crime. Understanding of crime. Causes of crime. Modern-Urban changes and crime. War and Crime. Measure s for Reforming criminals. Crime Detection methods. Prevention of crime. Juvenile Delinquency.
Unit-IV Psychology Applied to Industry: personnel selection and classification. Workers and management. Job Analysis. Personnel Assessment Techniques. Job Satisfaction. Industrial Morale. Psychology of work and accident. Propaganda.
Unit-V Psychology of Groups: Crowd Behaviour. Leadership: Types. Qualities. Functions. Theories. Group Behaviour. Group dynamics. Sociometry.
Unit-VI Construction and Standardization of Psychological Test: Steps of Construction and Standardization of Tests. Types of Reliability; Validity and Norms, Functions and Limitations of Psychological tests.
Unit-VII Statistics in Psychology: Graphical representation of data, Uses of Mean, Median, And Mode. Measures of Variability. Quartile Deviation. Average deviation. Standard Deviation. Concept of correlation. Uses of Correlation in psychology. Percentile and percentile ranks.
Unit-VIII Phychophysical Methods-Psychophysics: Basic concept, problems of psychophysics. Classical Psychophysical methods- Method of Limits, Method Constant Stimuli and method of average error. Limitations of psychophysical Methods.
Unit-IX Consumer Psychology: Interview, Mailed Questionnaire, Marketing, Motivation. Advertisement, Importance. Factors.
Unit-X Psychology of Marital Adjustment: Success and Failure. Divorce. Parental Fixation. Sibling Rivalary. Broken home and family consequences.
Unit-XI Special need children: Concept. Types; Mentally Retarded. Blind. Orthopaedically handicapped. Approaches in dealing with them. Hearing handicapped their special problems: Physical, Social, Psychological, Educational.
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