United Nations (UN) Questions, UN at a glance

United Nations (UN): United Nations is an international organization founded in 1945 after the Second World War by 51 countries committed to maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations and promoting social progress, better living standards and human rights. Due to its unique international character, and the powers vested in its founding Charter, the Organization can take action on a wide range of issues, and provide a forum for its 193 Member States to express their views, through the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council and other bodies and committees.
The UN has 4 main purposes are:
1. To keep peace throughout the world;
2. To develop friendly relations among nations;
3. To help nations work together to improve the lives of poor people, to conquer hunger, disease and illiteracy, and to encourage respect for each other’s rights and freedoms;
4. To be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations to achieve these goals.
United Nations (UN) at a glance / Point to remember:
* UN officially come into existence on 24th October 1945.
* Original Founding Member of UN is 51, India is Founding Member
* Headquarter of UN = New York, USA
* Current Total Member of UN = 193
* Newest UN Member = South Sudan in July 2011.
* UN has 6 Official Languages: English, Chines, French, Russian, Spanish and Arebic.
* Six Principal Organs of the UN are:
1. General Assembly
2. Security Counsil
3. Economic and Social Counsil
4. Trusteeship Counsil
5. International court of Justice
6. Secretariat
* UN Security Counsel has 15 Member with 5 permanent members.
* Five permanent Member of UN Security counsel are: USA, UK, China, Russia, France.
*  Head quarter of International court of Justice (ICJ) is located in "The Hague".
* Current Secretary General is Ban Ki Moon from South Korea.
* Main Programmes and Funds of UN are:
1. UN Childrens Fund (UNICEF)
2. UN Development Programme (UNDP)
3. UN Environment Programme (UNEP)
4. UN Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA)
5. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).