RAS EXAM Public Administration Syllabus

Public Administration (Code No. 27)
I. Introduction : Meaning, scope and significance of public administration; Private and Public Administration; Evolution of Public Administration as a discipline.
II Theories and Principles of Administration : Scientific Management; Bureaucratic Model; Classical Theory; Humman Relations Theory; Behavioural Approach; Systems Approach. The Principles of Hierarchy; Unity of Command; Span of Control; Authority and Responsibility; Coordination; Delegation; Supervision.
III Administrative Behaviour; Decision Making; Leadership theories; Communication; and Motivation.
IV Personnel Administration; Role of Civil Service in developing society, Position, Classification, Recruitment; Training; Promotion; Pay and Service Condition; Neutrality and Anonymity.
V Financial Administration : Concept of Budget : Formulation and execution of budget; Account and Audit.
VI Control over Administration : Legislative, Executive and Judical Control, Citizen and Administration.
VII Comparative Administration : Salient features of administrative system in U.S.A., Great Britain and France.
VIII Central Administration in India. British legacy; Constitutional context of Indian Administration; The President, the Prime Minister as Real Executive; Central Secretariat; Cabinet Secretariat; Planning Commission; Finance Commission; Comptroller and Auditor General of India; Major patterns of Public Enterprises.
IX Civil Service in India : Recruitment of All India and Central Services, Union Public Service Commission, Training of IAS and IPS; Generalists and Specialists; Relations with the Political Executive.
X State, District and Local Administration : Governor, Chief Minister; Secretariat; Chief Secretary; Directorates; Role of District Collector in revenue, law and order and development administration; Panchayati Raj and Urban local governament- Main features, Structure and problem areas.

I. Basic Premises : Meaning, scopes nature and significance of Public Administration: Its role in developed and developing societies. Evolution of Public Administration as a discipline and its relationship with political science, psychology, economics and Law; Ecology of administration -asocial, economic, cultural, political and legal. New Public Administration.
II. Theories of Organization" Scientific management (Taylor and his associates): The Bureaucratic theory of organization (Weber): Classical theory of Organizations (Henri Fayol, Luther Gullic and others), The Human Relations Theory of Organization(Elton Mayo and his Colleagues), Behavioural approach, Systems Approach: Organizational Effectiveness.
III. Principles of Organization - Hierarchy, Unity of Command, Authority and Responsibility, Coordination. Span of Control, Supervision, Centralization and Decentralization, Delegation.
IV. Administrative Behaviour - Decision making with Special Reference to the contribution of Herbert Simon, Theories of leadership; Communication, Morale, Motivation (Maslow and Harzberg).
V. Structure of Organizations-Chief Executive; Types of Chief Executives and their functions; Line, staff and Auxiliary agencies; Departments: Corporations, Companies, Boards and Commissions, Headquarters and field relationship.
VI. Personnel Administration - Bureaucracy and Civil Services; Position Classification, Recruitment, Training, Career Development; Performance Appraisal, Promotion, Pay and Service Conditions, Retirement Benefits, Discipline, Employer-Employee Relations.
VII. Financial Administration - Concept of Budget. Preparation and Execution of the Budget, Performance Budgeting, Legislative Control, Account and Audit.
VIII. Accountability and Control - The concepts of Accountability and Control; Legislative and Judical Control over Administration: Citizen and Administration.
IX. Administrative Reforms - O & M, Work Study, Work Measurement; Administrative Reforms; Processes and Obstacles.
X. Administrative Law - Importance of Administrative Law: Delegated Legislation : Meaning, Types, Advantages, Limitations, Safeguards: Administrative Tribunals.
XI. Comparative and Development Administration - Meaning, Nature and Scope of Comparative Public Administration. Contribution of Fred Riggs with Particular reference to the prismatic Sala Model. The Concept. Scope and Significance of Development Administration: The concept of Administrative development;
Public Policy Process.

Indian Administration
I. Evolution of Indian Administration - Kautilya; Mughal period; British period.
II. Environmental Setting - Constitution, Parliamentary Democracy, Federalism Planning, Socialism.
III. Political Executive at the Union Level - President, Prime Minister, Council of Ministers, Cabinet Committees.
IV. Structure of Central Administration - Secretariat, Cabinet Secretariat, Ministries and Departments, Boards and Commissions, Field Organisations.
V. Centre- State Relations - Legislative, Administrative and Financial.
VI. Public Services - All India Services, Central Service, State Services, Local Civil Services, Union and State Public Service Commissions, Training of Civil Services.
VII. Machinery for Planning - Organization and role of National Development Council and Planning Commission; Planning Machinery at the State and District and Local Levels.
VIII. Public Undertakings- Forms of management, Control and impact of liberalization and improving performance and public enterprises in India.
IX. Control of Public Expenditure- Parliamentary Control; Role of the Finance Ministry; Comptroller and Auditor General.
X. Administration of Law and Order - Role of Central and State Agencies in Maintenance, of Law and Order.
XI. State Administration - Governor; Chief Minister, Council of Minister, Secretariat, Chief Secretary, Directorates with Special reference to Rajasthan.
XII. District Administration - Role and importance,; District Collector, land and revenue, Law and order and developmental functions; District Rural Development Agency.
XIII. Local Administration - Panchayati Raj and Urban Local Governments Features, Forms and Problems with special reference to Rajasthan: Autonomy of Local Bodies.
XIV. Administration for welfare - Administration for the Welfare of Weaker Sections with particular Reference to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Programs for the Welfare of Women and Children in Rajasthan.
XV. Issues in Indian Administration - Relationship between Political and Permanent Executives, Generalists and Specialists in Administration, Integrity in Administration. People's Participation in Administration; Redressal of Citizens Grievances. Lok Pal and Lok Ayuktas, Administrative Reforms in India
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